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Publications

A list of related publications & presentations.

Burning Rate Emulator (BRE)

Coflow Laminar Diffusion Flame (CLD Flame)

  • S.B. Dworkin, B.C. Connelly, A.M. Schaffer, M.B. Long, M.D. Smooke, M.P. Puccio, B. McAndrews and J.H. Miller, “Computational and Experimental Study of a Forced, Time- Dependent, Methane-Air Coflow Diffusion Flame,” Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 31, pp. 971-978 (2007).
  • S. B. Dworkin, A.M. Schaffer, B.C. Connelly, M.B. Long and M.D. Smooke, M.A. Puccio, B. McAndrew, and J.H. Miller, “Measurements and Calculations of Formaldehyde Concentrations in a Methane/N2/Air, Non-Premixed Flame: Implications for Heat Release Rate,” Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 32, pp. 1311–1318 (2009).
  • B.C. Connelly, M.B. Long, M.D. Smooke, R.J. Hall, and M.B. Colket, “Computational and Experimental Investigation of the Interaction of Soot and NOx in Coflow Diffusion Flames,” Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 32, pp. 777–784 (2009).
  • B.C. Connelly, B.A.V. Bennett, M.D. Smooke and M.B. Long, “A Paradigm Shift in the Interaction of Experiments and Computations in Combustion Research,” Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 32, 879–886 (2009).
  • S.B. Dworkin, J.A. Cooke, B.A.V. Bennett, B.C. Connelly, M.B. Long, M.D. Smooke, R.J. Hall and M.B. Colket, “Distributed-memory parallel computation of a forced, time- dependent, sooting, ethylene/air coflow diffusion flame,” Combustion Theory and Modelling, Vol. 13, pp. 795-822 (2009).
  • P.B. Kuhn, B. Ma, B.C. Connelly, M.D. Smooke, and M.B. Long, “Soot and Thin-filament Pyrometry Using a Color Digital Camera,” Proc. Comb. Inst., Vol. 33, pp. 743-750 (2011).
  • M.B. Long, “Imaging Flames: From advanced laser diagnostics to snapshots,” in Optical Processes in Microparticles and Nanostructures, A. Serpengüzel and A.W. Poon, Editors. 2011, World Scientific.
  • J.D. Herdman, B.C. Connelly, M.D. Smooke, M.B. Long and J.H. Miller, “A comparison of Raman signatures and laser-induced incandescence with direct numerical simulation of soot growth in non-premixed ethylene/air flames,” Carbon, Vol. 49, pp. 5298-5311 (2011).
  • B. Ma and M.B. Long, “Absolute light calibration using S-type thermocouples,” Proc. Combust. Inst., Vol. 34, pp. 3531–3539 (2013).
  • B. Ma, G. Wang, G. Magnotti, R. S. Barlow and M. B. Long, “Intensity-ratio and color-ratio thin-filament pyrometry: Uncertainties and accuracy,” Combust. Flame, Vol. 161, Issue 4, pp. 908–916 (2014).
  • B. Ma and M.B. Long, “Combined soot optical characterization using 2-D multi-angle light scattering and spectrally resolved line-of-sight attenuation and its implication on soot color-ratio pyrometry,” Applied Physics B, Vol. 117, Issue 1, pp. 287-303 (2014).
  • S. Cao, B. Ma, B.A.V. Bennett, D. Giassi, D.P. Stocker, F. Takahashi, M.B. Long, and M.D. Smooke, “A computational and experimental study of coflow laminar methane/air diffusion flames: Effects of fuel dilution, inlet velocity, and gravity,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 897-903 (2015).. – includes ISS results
  • Davide Giassi, Bolun Liu, and Marshall B. Long, “Use of High Dynamic Range (HDR) Imaging for Quantitative Combustion Diagnostics,” Applied Optics, Vol. 54, Issue 14, pp. 4580-4588 (2015).. – includes ISS results
  • B. Ma, S. Cao, D. Giassi, D.P. Stocker, F. Takahashi, B.A.V. Bennett, M.D. Smooke, and M.B. Long, “An experimental and computational study on soot formation in a coflow jet flame under microgravity and normal gravity,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 839-846 (2015).. – includes ISS results
  • Su Cao, “Development of a Mass-Conserving, Smooth Vorticity-Velocity Formulation for Chemically Reacting Flow Simulations,” Ph.D. Thesis, Yale University, August 2015. – includes ISS results
  • D. Giassi, S. Cao, D.P. Stocker, F. Takahashi, B.A. Bennett, M.D. Smooke, and M.B. Long, “Analysis of CH* Concentration and Flame Heat Release Rate in Laminar Coflow Diffusion Flames under Microgravity and Normal Gravity,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 167, pp. 198–206 (2016). – includes ISS results

Electric-Field Effects on Laminar Diffusion Flames (E-FIELD Flames)

  • Carleton, F., Dunn-Rankin, D., and Weinberg, F.J. “Optics of Small Diffusion Flames in Micro-gravity,” Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Combustion, pp. 2567-2572 (1998).
  • Rickard, M. and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Experimental study of an electrohydrodynamic, air-assisted liquid atomizer,” SAE Transactions: Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, pp. 1523-1531 (2002).
  • Strayer, B.A., Posner, J.D., Dunn-Rankin, D., and Weinberg, F.J “Simulating microgravity in small diffusion flames by using electric fields to counterbalance natural convection,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, Vol. 458, Issue 2021, pp. 1151-1166 (2002).
  • Regele, J., Papac, M., Rickard, M., and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Effects of Capillary Spacing on EHD Spraying from an Array of Cone Jets,” Journal of Aerosol Science, Vol. 33, Issue 11, pp. 1471-1479 (2002).
  • Papac, M.J., Dunn-Rankin, D., Stipe, C.B., and Lucas, D. “N2 CARS Thermometry and O2 LIF Concentration Measurements in an Electrically Induced Microbuoyant Flame,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 133, pp. 241-254 (2003).
  • Weinberg, F.J., Carleton, F.A., and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Development of Electrically Charged Extinguishant Dispersions for Use in Microgravity,” Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 175, pp. 2161-2179 (2003).
  • Rickard, M., Dunn-Rankin, D., Weinberg, F., and Carleton, F “Characterization of Ionic Wind Velocity,” Journal of Electrostatics, Vol. 63, pp. 711-716. (2005).
  • Dunn-Rankin, D. and Weinberg, F.J. “Using Large Electric Fields to Control Transport in Microgravity,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1077, pp. 570-584 (2006).
  • Papac, M.J. and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Canceling Buoyancy of Gaseous Fuel Flames in a Gravitational Environment using an Ion Driven Wind,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1077, pp. 585-601 (2006).
  • Rickard, M.A., Dunn-Rankin, D., Weinberg, F.J., and Carleton, F. “Maximizing Ion Driven Gas Flows,” Journal of Electrostatics, Vol. 64, pp. 368-276 (2006).
  • Rickard, M.A. and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Numerical Simulation of a Tubular Ion-Driven Wind Generator,” Journal of Electrostatics, Vol. 65, pp. 646-654 (2007).
  • Papac, M.J. and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Modeling Electric Field Driven Convection in Small Combustion Plasmas and Surrounding Gases,” Combustion Theory and Modeling, Vol. 12, pp. 23-44 (2008).
  • Weinberg, F.J., Carleton, F., and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Electric Field-Controlled Mesoscale Burners,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 152, pp. 186-193 (2008).
  • Weinberg, F.J., Carleton, F., “Ionization and chemiluminescence during the progressive aeration of methane flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 156, pp. 2276-2284 (2009).
  • Yamashita, K., Karnani, S., and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Numerical prediction of ion current from a small methane jet flame,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 156, Issue 6, pp. 1227-1233 (2009).
  • Weinberg, F.J., Carleton, F., Houdmont, R., Dunn-Rankin, D., and Karnani, S. “Syngas Formation in Methane Flames and Carbon Monoxide Release during Quenching,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 158, pp. 273-280 (2011).
  • Borgatelli, F. and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Behavior of a Small Diffusion Flame as an Electrically Active Component in a High-Voltage Circuit,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 159, pp. 210-220 (2011).
  • S. Karnani, D. Dunn-Rankin, F. Takahashi, Z-G. Yuan, D. Stocker “Simulating Gravity in Microgravity Combustion using Electric Fields,” Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 184, pp. 1891-1902 (2012).
  • F.J. Weinberg, F.J., Dunn-Rankin, D., Carleton, F.B., Karnani, S., Markides, C., and Zhai, M. “Electrical aspects of flame quenching,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, pp. 3295-3301 (2013).
  • Karnani, S. and Dunn-Rankin, D. “Visualizing CH* Chemiluminescence in Sooting Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 160, Issue 10, pp. 2275-2278 (2013).
  • Karnani, S. and Dunn-Rankin, D. (2015) “Detailed Characterization of DC Electric Field Effects on Small Non-Premixed Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 162, Issue 7, pp. 2865-2872 (2015).

Flame Design

  • Chao, B.H., Liu, S., and Axelbaum, R.L., “On Soot Inception in Nonpremixed Flames and the Effects of Flame Structure,” Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 138, pp. 105-135 (1998).
  • Chao, B.H. and Axelbaum, R.L., “On By-Product Production in Nonpremixed Flames with Implications towards Emission of Organics during Waste Incineration,” Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 160, pp. 191-220 (2000).
  • Sunderland, P.B., Axelbaum, R.L., Urban, D.L., Chao, B.H., Liu, S., “Effects of Structure and Hydrodynamics on the Sooting Behavior of Spherical Microgravity Diffusion Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 132, pp. 25-33 (2003).
  • Sunderland, P.B., Urban, D.L., Stocker, D.P., Chao, B.-H., Axelbaum, R.L., “Sooting Limits of Microgravity Spherical Diffusion Flames in Oxygen-Enriched Air and Diluted Fuel,” Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 176, pp. 2143-2164 (2004).
  • Liu, S., Chao, B.H. and Axelbaum, R.L., “A Theoretical Study on Soot Inception in Spherical Burner-Stabilized Diffusion Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 140, pp. 1-23 (2005).
  • Chen, R., Axelbaum, R.L., “Scalar Dissipation Rate at Extinction and the Effects of Oxygen-Enriched Combustion,” Combustion and Flame, 142, pp. 62-71 (2005).
  • Kumfer, B.M., Skeen, S.A., Chen, R., Axelbaum, R.L., “Measurement and Analysis of Soot Inception Limits of Oxygen-Enriched Coflow Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 147, pp. 233-242 (2006).
  • Santa, K.J., Sun, Z., Chao, B.H., Sunderland, P.B., Axelbaum, R.L., Urban, D.L., Stocker, D.P., “Numerical and Experimental Observations of Spherical Diffusion Flames,” Combustion Theory and Modeling, Vol. 11, pp. 639-652 (2007).
  • Santa, K.J., Chao, B.H., Sunderland, P.B., Urban, D.L., Stocker, D.P., Axelbaum, R.L., “Radiative Extinction of Gaseous Spherical Diffusion Flames in Microgravity,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 151, pp.665-675 (2007).
  • Wang, Q., “Kinetic and Radiative Extinctions of Spherical Diffusion Flames,” M.Sc. Thesis, University of Hawaii (2007).
  • Kumfer, B.M., Skeen, S.A., Axelbaum, R. L., “Soot Inception Limits in Laminar Diffusion Flames with Application to Oxy-Fuel Combustion,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 154, pp. 546-556 (2008).
  • Vivien R. Lecoustre, “Numerical Investigations of Gaseous Spherical Diffusion Flames,” Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Maryland, Department of Mechanical Engineering, December (2009).
  • S.A. Skeen, G. Yablonsky, R.L. Axelbaum “Characteristics of Non-Premixed Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion: I. The Presence of Appreciable Oxygen at the Location of Maximum Temperature,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 156, pp. 2145–2152 (2009).
  • S.A. Skeen, G. Yablonsky, R.L. Axelbaum “Characteristics of Non-Premixed Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion: II. Flame Structure Effects on Soot Precursor Kinetics Resulting in Soot-Free Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 157, pp. 1745-1752 (2010).
  • V.R. Lecoustre, P.B. Sunderland, B.H. Chao, R.L. Axelbaum, “Extremely Weak Hydrogen Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 157, pp. 2209-2210 (2010).
  • Q. Wang, B.H. Chao, “Kinetic and Radiative Extinctions of Spherical Burner-Stabilized Diffusion Flames,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 158, pp. 1532-1541 (2011).
  • V.R. Lecoustre, P.B. Sunderland, B.H. Chao, R.L. Axelbaum, “Numerical Investigation of Spherical Diffusion Flames at their Sooting Limits,” Combustion and Flame, 159, pp. 194-199 (2012).
  • Melvin Rodenhurst, “Kinetic Extinction Limit of a Spherical Diffusion Flame Attached to a Burner Surface,” M.S. thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hawaii (2012).
  • Mahmood Dehnavi, “A Numerical Investigation of Microgravity Ethylene/Oxygen/Nitrogen Spherical Diffusion Flames at Their Soot Free Limit,” M.S. thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hawaii (2012).
  • F. Yi, R.L. Axelbaum, “Stability of Spray Combustion for Water/Alcohols Mixtures in Oxygen-Enriched Air,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, pp. 1697-1704 (2013).
  • F. Xia, G.S. Yablonsky, R.L. Axelbaum, “Numerical Study of Flame Structure and Soot Inception Interpreted in Carbon-to-Oxygen Atom Ratio Space,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, pp. 1085-1091 (2013).
  • F. Xia, R.L. Axelbaum, “Simplifying the Complexity of Diffusion Flames Through Interpretation in C/O Ratio Space,” Computers and Mathematics with Applications, Vol. 65, pp. 1625-1632 (2013).
  • V.R. Lecoustre, P.B. Sunderland, B.H. Chao, R.L. Axelbaum, “Modeled Quenching Limits of Spherical Hydrogen Diffusion Flames,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, pp. 887-894 (2013).

Structure and Response of Spherical Diffusion Flames (s-Flame)

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